MAASAI GROUP

The Maasai are a Nilotic ethnic group of semi-nomadic people located in Kenya and northern Tanzania. They speak Maa,a member of the Nilo-Saharan language family that is related to Dinka and Nuer.Maasai society is strongly patriarchal in nature, with elder men, sometimes joined by retired elders, deciding most major matters for each Maasai group. A full body of oral law covers many aspects of behaviour. Formal execution is unknown, and normally payment in cattle will settle matters. An out of court process is also practiced called 'amitu', 'to make peace', or 'arop', which involves a substantial apology.The Maasai are monotheistic, worshipping a single deity called Enkai or Engai. Engai has a dual nature: Engai Narok (Black God) is benevolent, and Engai Nanyokie (Red God) is vengeful.The "Mountain of God", Ol Doinyo Lengai, is located in northernmost Tanzania.

HADZABE GROUP

The Hadza are an ethnic group in north-central Tanzania, living around Lake Eyasi south of Ngorongoro Conservation Area, in the central Rift Valley, neighboring to Serengeti Plateau. The Hadza number just under 1000. Some 300–400 Hadza live as hunter-gatherers, much as their ancestors have for thousands or even tens of thousands of years; they are the last full-time hunter-gatherers in Africa.

They are the last remaining ancestors of the original hunter-gatherer tribes who first inhabited Tanzania, and their lifestyle has barely changed for millennia. They are skilled hunters, and use a number of methods to attract game within range of their arrows, including the use of the horns of an antelope, attaching them to their heads while mimicking the animal’s characteristic bobbing walk, which draws other curious animals closer. Another method is to hide under an animal skin, and wait for vultures to land, when they can easily be caught. The Hadzabe supplement their diet with roots and plants, and they have a particular liking for honey, which they trade with other tribes in exchange for arrowheads or tobacco.

The Hadzabe are not a Bantu race like the other peoples of Tanzania, but have more in common with the San Bushmen found in the Kalahari Desert of southern Africa, nearly 2000 miles away. They tend to be small in stature, physically slight, and have lighter coloured skin than most Africans. Their language too contains many of the same click sounds as that of the Bushmen, although the two are not mutually intelligible. Although a number of researchers have concluded that their DNA is totally unrelated to that of the Bushmen, the surface similarities of both languages would imply an ancient root.

Hunting and honey-gathering are predominantly male activities, while the women and children forage for roots or fruit. The Hadzabe are opportunists when it comes to hunting, but tend to avoid eating reptiles, and the greatest delicacy is considered to be baboon. Baboon fur is also worn by the men, while the women usually wear impala skins. The huts are made of grass, woven by the women, and can be constructed in a matter of hours.
Let Hadza Adventures bring you face to face with Middle Man Age and share with them their rewarding cultural experience.

There are many kinds of safaris that you can opt for in Tanzania according to your preferences and interests. The country can b divided into four zones each having its own unique features that can be seen and enjoyed by taking safaris that have been designed and planned for that region. Each of the safaris is arranged in the Tanzania national park that falls in that region.

The four regions or circuits as they are called where safaris in Tanzania are organized are the Northern Circuit, the Southern Circuit, the Western Circuit and the Coastal Circuit. In each of these circuits a different Tanzania safari is organized to visit and enjoy distinct geographical regions and phenomena that are unique to that circuit.

There are several national parks in Tanzania where wildlife can roam freely without fear of human predators which prove to be more destructive to the environment as well as the animal and bird life there. In the Northern circuit where the Serengeti grasslands and the Ngorongora Crater area is located, there are safaris that cater to those who are interested in the great migration and also to see several hundred species of herbivorous animals in their natural habitat. The Serengeti National Park and the Ngorongora Conservation Area are places where some of the most popular safaris in Tanzania. The Tarangire National Park and the Arusha National Park are some of the other national parks in the northern region of Tanzania. The Southern Circuit has the Mikumi National Park, the Ruaha National Park and the Udzungwa mountains National Park which are close to the Selous game reserve that has a the largest game reserves in the area. Safaris, tours and treks can be arranged in these National Parks as in any Tanzania National park.

The western circuit has the Gombe National Park which is one of the most ancient forest and home to the Chimpanzee and the Maha le Mountains National Park on the edge of the great Lake Tanganyika where you can go on camping safaris tracking the Chimpanzees or snorkelling in the lake. Safaris can also be arranged for the Coastal Circuit and the tropical island of Zanzibar also offers an idyllic location for a great holiday.

The diversity and beauty of the country, the rich cultural history and the way ancient tribes and wild animals live in perfect harmony are some of the wonderful reasons why tourists find Tanzania irresistible and want to visit over and over again.

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