Serengeti: Regions in brief

The Serengeti National Park covers 14,763 square kilometers of vast open plains that stretch across the area between the Kenyan border and the outskirts of Lake Victoria and studded here and there by ancient volcanic rocky outcrops called kopjes (pronounced ‘copy’).

Central Serengeti: The Seronera Valley

Most visitors enter the Serengeti through the southern Naabi Hill Gate, which opens onto the Seronera Valley; a vibrant wildlife area at the heart of the Serengeti. This is the region in which the migration commonly calve in march each year. The Seronera region is mainly wide open grassy plains and rocky kopjes, patched together within a network of rivers that ensure year-round water supplies and keep this region incredibly rich in wildlife throughout the year. All other areas of the Serengeti are more seasonal and much of the time wildlife viewing is dependent on the path of the migration.

The rolling plains of Serengeti stretching from Northern Tanzania and reaching up to the south western part of Kenya have been the granted the UNESCO world heritage site and also considered one of the ten natural wonders of the world. The Serengeti National Park is the protected area of the Serengeti that lies in Tanzania where wildlife lives in peace as it has always lived.

The Serengeti safaris are organized during the time of migration when thousands of animals migrate over the plains to better pastures and climes essential for their survival. This is the largest terrestrial migration of mammals that is seen every year between June and August in this part of the world. Apart from the awesome spectacle that this migration provides in the season, Serengeti National Park has diverse eco-systems that support thousands of species of animals, birds, insects, reptiles, trees, plants and grasses and many Serengeti safaris are arranged to give you first-hand experience of their life cycles, habitats and habits. The reverse migration starts from the Kenyan Serengeti called the Maasai Mara around November and ends by January when there is enough grass in the Serengeti national Park in Tanzania.

The word “Serengeti” in the Maasai language means Endless Plains and that is what mostly Serengeti is. But there are also forests and swamps kopjes and woodlands that are home to the blue wildebeest, gazelle, zebras and buffaloes. Kopjes are rocky outgrowths that are remnants of volcanic activities in the regions millions of years ago. They are now protective habitats for various species of animals. There are prides of lions that roam the rolling grasslands and there is no better place to observe them in their natural habitat than the Serengeti National Park!

The Serengeti area in olden times was known as the Maasailand as the prehistoric Maasai tribes live here in complete harmony with nature and the wildlife. Their innate wisdom has helped to maintain the delicate balance of ecosystems that would have been completely destroyed otherwise. The safaris in the Serengeti National Park and the Ngorngora Crater areas are organized with care to see that the nature around is not disturbed in any way by the presence of the tourists in the safaris.

The Serengeti National Park covers a very vast area of more than 14000 square kilometres and stretches beyond Tanzania to the Kenyan border and the edge of the Lake Victoria. In the central part of the Park is situated the Seronera Valley which many tourists visit in safaris. The banks of the rivers that criss cross the valley are covered with forests that support a vibrant wild life.

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